Shirk (Idolatry) is the opposite of Tauheed (Monotheism)

Shirk (Idolatry) is the opposite of Tauheed (Monotheism)

Shirk (Idolatry) is the opposite of Tauheed (Monotheism)

 

 

 

 

 

Shirk (Idolatry) is the opposite of Tauheed (Monotheism)

The antithesis and opposite of Tauheed is “Shirk”

 

ضد التوحيد الشرك

وهو ثلاثة انواع : شرك اكبر ، وشرك اصغر ، وشرك خفي

النوع الأول من انواع الشرك : الشرك الأكبر ، لا يغفره الله ولا يقبل معه عملاً صالحاً ، قال الله عز وجل : إن الله لا يغفر أن يشرك به ويغفر ما دون ذلك لمن يشاء ومن يشرك بالله فقد ضل ضلالاً بعيداً وقال سبحانه : لقد كفر الذين قالوا إن الله هو المسيح ابن مريم وقال المسيح يابني إسرائيل اعبدوا الله ربي وربكم إنه من يشرك بالله فقد حرم الله عليه الجنة ومأواه النار وما للظالمين من أنصار وقال تعالى : وقدمنا غلى ما عملوا من عمل فجعلناه هباءً منثوراً وقال سبحانه : لئن أشركت ليحبكن عملك ولتكونن من الخاسرين وقال سبحانه : ولو اشركوا لحبط عنهم ما كانوا يعملون

والشرك الأكبر أربعة أنواع

الأول : شرك الدعوة : والدليل قوله تعالى : فإذا ركبوا في الفلك دعوا الله مخلصين له الدين فلما نجاهم الله إلى البر إذا هم يشركون

الثاني : شركالنية والإرادة والقصد : والدليل قوله تعالى : من كان يريد الحياة الدنيا وزينتها نوف إليهم اعمالهم فيها وهم لا يبخسون * أولئك الذين ليس لهم في الآخرة إلا النار وحبط ما صنعوا وباطل ما كانوا يعملون

الثالث : شرك الطاعة : والدليل قوله تعالى : اتخذوا أحبارهم ورهبانهم أرباباً من دون الله والمسيح ابن مريم وما أمروا إلا ليعبدوا إلهًا واحداً لا إله إلا هو سبحانه عما يشركون وتفسيرها الذي لا إشكال فيه :طاعة العلماء والعباد في المعصية ، لا دعاؤهم إياهم ، كما فسرها النبي لعدي بن حاتم لما سأله ، فقال ( لسنا نعبدهم !) فذكر له أن عبادتهم طاعتهم في المعصية الرابع : شرك المحبة : والدليل قوله تعالى : ومن الناس من يتخذ من دون الله أنداداً يحبونهم كحب الله

النوع الثاني من أنواع الشرك : شرك اصغر: وهو الرياء، والدليل قوله تعالى فمن كان يرجو لقاء ربه فليعمل عملاً صالحا ولا يشرك بربه أحداً

النوع الثالث من أنواع الشرك : شرك خفي : والدليل قوله : ( الشرك في هذه الأمة أخفى من دبيب النملة السوداء على صفاة سوداء في ظلمة الليل ) ، وكفارته قوله  ( اللهم إني أعوذ بك أن أشرك بك شيئاً وأنا أعلم ، وأستغفرك من الذنب الذي لا أعلم

The antithesis and opposite of Tauheed is Shirk [1]

Shirk is of three kinds; the major or greater shirk, the minor or lesser shirk, and the hidden shirk.

The major shirk: Allah does not forgive major or greater shirk, and He doesn’t accept any good deed from those who commit it. Allah the Mighty and Majestic has said: “Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) associating ought with Him, but forgives the lesser sins to whomsoever He pleases, and whoever associates others with Allah has indeed strayed far away. (An-Nisa 4:116). And Allah Most Exalted says: “…But the Messiah (Jesus) said; ‘O children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And the wrong-doers will have no helpers. (al-Ma’idah 5:72). And Allah most High says: And Allah Most High says: And We shall turn to whatever deeds they (the idolaters) did, and We shall make their deeds like scattered floating particles of dust (al-Furqaan25:23). And Allah Most High says: “…If you join others in worship with Allah then surely (all) your deeds will be in vain and you will be of the losers.” (az-Zumar 39:65). And Allah Most High says: “…but if they had joined others in worship with Allah all that they used to do would have been vain and of no benefit to them.”(al-An’aam 6:88).

Major shirk is of four categories:

(1) The first category of major shirk is Shirk ad-Du’aa (association in supplication).[2] The proof of this is the saying of Allah Most Exhalted: “And when they ride on a ship they call out supplicating upon Allah and making their devotion sincerely to him alone, and then when He brings them to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to Allah” (al-Ankaboot 29:65).

(2) The second category of major shirk is shirk an-Niyah wal-Iradah wal- Qasd (association in intention, desire and purpose). The proof of this is the saying of Allah Most Exhalted: “Whosoever desires the life of this world and its beautiful adornments, to them We shall pay in full (the wages ) of their deeds therein, and they will have no diminishment of their reward. They are those for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter except Fire: and vain are the deeds they did therein. And of no effect is that which they used to do” (Hood 11:15).

(3) The third category of major shirk is Shirk at-Ta’ah (association in obedience). The proof of this is the saying of Allah Most Exhalted: “They take their rabbis and monks to be their lords in derogation of Allah, and (they take as their lord) Christ the son of Maryam; yet they were not commanded except to worship One God, there is no god except He. Praise and Glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him)] (at-Tawba 9:31). [3]

(4) The forth category of major shirk is Shirk al-Muhabbah (association in loving Allah). The proof of this is the saying of Allah Most Exhalted: “And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. al-Baqarah 2:165).[4]

The lesser shirk is riyaa (showing off in worship to be seen and praised). The proof of this is in the saying of Allah: “ So whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him work righteous deeds and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord. (al-Kahf 18:110).

The concealed shirk is the shirk mentioned by the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, when he said: “Shirk in this nation is more concealed and subtle than the footfall of the black ant on a black boulder in the darkness of the night.” [5] The expiation of the sin of this form of shirk is as the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: “ O Allah I seek refuge in You from knowingly associating partners with You, and I seek your forgiveness about that which I have no knowledge.” [6]

[1] As mentioned above shirk includes all forms of idolatry, polytheism, pantheism, monism, atheism, and/or associating any peers or partners, in belief or practice, with Allah in His Rububiyah (Lordship), Uluhiyah (Divinity) or Asma` wa Siffat (His Names and Attributes).

[2] This form of shirk is especially prevalent among those who frequent the visitation of the graves and mausoleums of the pious saints, whether truly pious or fictional, seeking from them in supplications and vowings and offerings that which only Allah the Lord owns and controls like sustenance and healing and sacred blessings etc. In the Christian Catholic tradition various patron saints are supplicated each accouding to his particular alleged realm just as in many polytheistic traditions. Often what leads ignorant Muslims into this form of shirk is seeking the “waseelah” (approchment, and means to become close) from the saints by asking them to ask Allah on their behave for some favor just as one might ask a minister or aid to ask the King or President. Allah is free of all partners and needs none to bring the supplications of His servants to Him. The only correct manner of waseelah in three categories: to ask Allah by His Names and Attributes like when we say Oh Allah by your mercy forgive and have mercy on us; to ask Allah by the fact that you have offered to Him worship sincerely like the case of the three who were trapped in the cave and each asked Allah by the best of their previous deeds to allow them to escape entrapment; and by directly asking a pious servant of Allah to supplicate to Allah for your benefit on the condition that he is alive, present and practicing strict Tauheed. Thus it is never allowed to ask the dead who are in the in graves. We send salutations to the Messenger of Allah peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and ask Allah to grant us the prophets intersession (shafa’ah) on the day of resurrection as mentioned in the hadiths but never call upon him in supplication and worship as the ignorant do, which even many non-Muslims realize and have mentioned is repugnant to the very essence of tauheed.

[3] It is reported that the Prophet recited this verse in the presence of ‘Idi ibn Haatim at-Taa’i who said: “O Messenger of Allah, we don’t worship them”. The Prophet said: “Don’t they legalize that which Allah has forbidden and you legalize it (too)? And don’t they forbid that which Allah has made legal and legitimate and you forbid it (too)?” He said: “Yes, certainly”. He said: “That is their worship of them”. Reported by at-Tirmidhi, Ibn Jareer and al-Baihaqi, and others, and a narration of this tradition has been declared as hasan (good) by some scholars including Sheikh Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen al-Albani in his book entitled “Sahih Sunan at-Tirmidhi”, although others have questioned its validity. The essential meaning is clear although that those who claim and take the attribute of lawmaking and legislation for themselves in derogation of the law of Allah and His messenger in the Quran and Sunnah has performed shirk by becoming a Taaghoot as will be explained below, and those who willfully obey them in their tyrannical laws have committed shirk-at-Ta’ah.

[4] The verse continues to mention the reality that : “But those who believe love Allah more (than anything else).”

[5] Reported by al-Haakim who claimed it to be sahih. Other scholars have considered it to be an acceptable narration but of a lesser grade than sahih, especially considering the fact that there are other similar narrations which bear witness to its validity. Some have considered the tradition to be weak. The general meaning although is correct.

[6] Reported by Imam Ahmad and others with a “good” chain of narrators.

 

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